Golda Meir born as Goldie Mabovitch on May 3, 1898 was the fourth prime minister of the State of Israel.
After serving as the Minister of Labour and Foreign Minister, Golda Meir became Prime Minister of Israel on March 17, 1969. She was described as the “Iron Lady” of Israeli politics years before the epithet became associated with British prime minister, Margaret Thatcher.
Golda Meir moved from Kiev to Milwaukee in 1906 with her family. In Milwaukee, she became a teacher and an active Zionist, and from there she moved to Palestine with her husband, Morris Myerson, where they lived on a kibbutz, taking part in the creation of a Jewish homeland. Golda Meir became an officer of the Histadrut Trade Union and was active in politics.
In 1948, Golda Meir was appointed a member of the Provisional Government. After independence, she became the Ambassador to the Soviet Union, and in 1949 was elected to the Knesset and served as Minister of Labor 1949-1956 and Foreign Minister 1956-1966. Golda Meir was the Secretary General of the new Labor Party and on the sudden death of Levi Eshkol in 1969, she became Premier at age 70.
The Yom Kippur War was fought during her term as prime minister, beginning with the Egyptian and Syrian assaults of October 6, 1973. After the end of the war, Golda Meir resigned (1974) and Yitzhak Rabin assumed the office of prime minister.
On December 8, 1978, Golda Meir died of cancer in Jerusalem at the age of 80. She was buried on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem on December 12, 1978.