Muhammad Ali Jinnah born on 25 of December, 1876 in Karachi and died on 11 September, 1948 was a Muslim Politician and Great leader of the All India Muslim League. He founded the Pakistan and served as its first Governor-General. He is also know in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam (Great Leader) and and Baba-e-Qaum (Father of the Nation). Jinnah birthday is a national holiday in Pakistan.
He studied in Bombay and London, was called to the bar in 1897, and practised in Bombay. He became a member of the Indian National Congress (1906) and the Muslim League (1913), and supported Hinduâ€“Muslim unity until 1930, when he resigned from the Congress in opposition to Gandhi’s policy of civil disobedience. His advocacy of a separate state for Muslims led to the creation of Pakistan in 1947, and he became its first governor-general.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah died on September 11, 1948 from a combination of tuberculosis and lung cancer. His funeral was followed by the construction of a massive mausoleumâ€”Mazar-e-Quaidâ€”in Karachi to honour him; official and military ceremonies are hosted there on special occasions.